The president of the United States, Joe Biden, plans to reinstate the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program, informally known as “Stay in Mexico” – starting next week – that requires applicants asylum in the United States to await the development of their applications in the neighboring country.
This was reported by several US media, such as the Axios newspaper and the conservative television Fox News, which cited sources from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS, in its acronym in English) in their reports.
The reactivation of this strategy comes after an order from a Texas judge, which required the implementation of the program as a result of a lawsuit filed by the states of Texas and Missouri, which defend one of the flagship policies of the Administration of now former President Donald Trump (2017-2021).
The Trump administration initiated this policy at the end of 2019, ignoring the legal process by which asylum seekers can wait within the United States for the resolution of their cases.
The main difference between Biden’s program and the one launched by Trump is that the vaccine will be offered to all migrant adults registered in the MPPs, according to sources cited in the US media.
Despite this, it is unknown until now at what point in the process the migrants will receive the vaccine.
What was confirmed by those sources is that the program will be reestablished in two Texas border cities – El Paso and Brownsville – and one in California, San Diego.
The return of the MPPs has caused controversy in the country, since one of Biden’s first actions upon his arrival to the Presidency last January was the cancellation of them.
The states of Texas and Missouri sued the federal government to resume the program, and in August the Supreme Court refused to block a lower court decision calling for it to be reactivated.
The judge who took charge of the case opined that the order by which the MPPs were rescinded violated federal administrative law and did not take into account the “benefits” of the program, among which he cited its alleged dissuasive effect on potential migrants.
The magistrate ordered the Biden government to restore the program, at least until it finds a way to “legally terminate it” and until the Executive has the ability to detain asylum seekers who, in the absence of that policy, can enter. In U.S.A.