Menstrual cramps should not last more than 72 hours, warns Dr. Fernández

Menstrual cramps should not last more than 72 hours, warns Dr. Fernández
Menstrual cramps should not last more than 72 hours, warns Dr. Fernández

The woman should have her menstrual history and discuss any changes with her doctor.

Doctor Hostos Fernández, gynecologist and obstetrician at the Medical School of the Hospital de La Concepción. Copyright MSP.

According to what was stated by Dr. Hostos Fernández, gynecologist and obstetrician at the Medical School of the Hospital de La Concepción, dysmenorrhea is one of the main causes why women go to the gynecologist, even this female problem causes work and personal problems .

Fernández indicated that menstrual cramps, or known in the medical literature as dysmenorrhea, are pain sharp at the bottom of the abdomen, it is for that reason that many women have to apply for leaves, as these can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities for a few days each month.

Another element that doctors and patients should also take into account is that women who have been victims of sexual violence are more likely to suffer from dysmenorrhea. “The woman must have her medical history and as I have said, be honest with her doctor, that is important,” he said.

The doctor indicated that there are two types of documented pain. The primary is one that is not related to any pathology, and the secondary is associated with diseases such as endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine fibroids and cystitis.

For this reason, Dr. Hostos Fernández specified that it is important that when time of medical evaluation The patient can be very clear about her symptoms, since after two years of starting menstruation, symptoms begin.

In reference to the symptoms, the specialist explained that “menstrual cramps produce severe pain in the abdomen, lower back, hips or inner thighs. This pain can be disabling, but usually it should not last more than 72 hours, so if the woman passes that period she should go to the doctor to look for a secondary cause of pain it is not associated with primary type dysmenorrhea ”, he indicated.

On the other hand, the specialist commented that this pain could also be accompanied by diarrhea, a feeling of fullness, dizziness and vomiting in cases severe.

The doctor specified that the diagnosis begins with ultrasound, in this way they can verify injuries. Other method diagnostic analysis by imaging, between a CT or MRI scan, as well as laparoscopy.

Special diet during menstruation

Another important aspect that highlighted that low-fat diet and with the consumption of vegetables as well as dairy products, which favors the system to avoid problems during menstrual period.

As for hot drinks or the use of compresses, the expert indicated that they are helpful because they favor vasodilation in the area, improving tissue oxygenation and reducing the production of substances that cause pain. “Everything that you think is good for you, you have to discuss it with your doctor,” he said.

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