(CNN) — Leaked documents obtained by Greenpeace show how major fossil fuel and meat producing countries are pushing against climate action that is intended to be included in a key UN report. Brazil and Argentina are among the countries that would be lobbying, says Greenpeace.
The documents, given to Unearthed, the investigative team of Greenpeace UK journalists, show how fossil fuel producers, including Australia, Saudi Arabia and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), are allegedly pressuring the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), “to eliminate or weaken an important conclusion that the world needs to rapidly phase out fossil fuels,” according to Greenpeace.
CNN has not been able to independently obtain or confirm the full contents of the documents, but has reviewed excerpts.
According to Greenpeace, the documents show that Saudi Arabia has asked the authors to remove a sentence calling on the energy sector to “rapidly switch to zero-carbon sources and phase out (gradually) all fossil fuels.”
The Greenpeace report on climate change
The documents reviewed by Greenpeace were related to the second draft of Working Group III’s contribution to the landmark IPCC Sixth Assessment Report, due to be published next year.
Greenpeace says Australia rejected a statement in the draft report that the retirement of coal-fired power plants is necessary to achieve zero emissions in energy systems, and has asked the report’s authors to remove a statement that says + the Lobbying for fossil fuels has hindered climate action in Australia.
Japan has reportedly asked the authors to remove estimates or add additional context to what it called a “misleading” paragraph on the recall of fossil fuel power plants so the world can meet its Paris targets.
The leaked documents also appear to show that Brazil and Argentina, two of the world’s largest beef producers, “have been pushing to remove messages about the climate benefits of promoting ‘plant-based’ diets and curbing meat consumption. and dairy, “according to Greenpeace.
Brazil reportedly asked the authors to remove language suggesting that switching to a diet with more plant-based protein is beneficial to health and can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
According to Greenpeace, the leaked documents appear to show that Argentina, one of the world’s largest beef producers, has “been pushing for messages about the climate benefits of promoting ‘plant-based’ diets and curbing consumption to be removed. meat and dairy “.
A spokesperson for Argentina’s Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries told CNN: “We would never do that,” in response to a BBC report on leaked Greenpeace documents alleging that Argentina, among other countries, had lobbied to modify a UN climate report.
The Argentine Foreign Ministry spokesperson told CNN that they would investigate.
The Argentine presidency and the Ministry of Climate have not yet responded to our request.
The COP26 summit
Greenpeace says the leaked documents raise questions about the willingness of countries to commit to decisive climate action just days before the COP26 summit in Glasgow.
A spokesman for the IPCC, the world’s leading authority on climate change, said Thursday that its processes are transparent.
“Our processes are designed to protect against lobbying, from all sectors. The main elements are diverse and balanced teams of authors, a review process open to all and decision-making on texts by consensus, ”said the IPCC spokesperson.
“This IPCC process is fully transparent and we routinely publish preliminary drafts, review comments, and authors’ responses to comments, once the report is finalized,” said the IPCC spokesperson.